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Related Alcohol Research Documents

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Alcohol screening and brief intervention among drug users in primary care: a discussion paper Alcohol screening and brief intervention among drug users in primary care: a discussion paper

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Date added: 01/09/2013
Date modified: 01/09/2013
Filesize: Unknown
Downloads: 4271

Authors: Field CA, Klimas J, Barry J, Bury G, Keenan E, Lyons S, Smyth BP, Cullen W.

Problem alcohol use is common among problem drug users (PDU) and associated with adverse health outcomes. Primary care has an important role in the overall stepped approach to alcohol treatment, especially screening and brief intervention (SBI). This study shows that although SBI improves health outcomes associated with problem alcohol use in the general population, further research is needed among high-risk patient groups, especially PDUs.

Alcohol problems in the criminal justice system: an opportunity for intervention Alcohol problems in the criminal justice system: an opportunity for intervention

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Date added: 01/21/2013
Date modified: 01/21/2013
Filesize: 5.28 MB
Downloads: 2829

Authors: Lesley Graham, Tessa Parkes, Andrew McAuley and Lawrence Doi (WHO - Regional Office for Europe)

Alcohol is linked with crime, especially violent crime. Many people are incarcerated because of alcohol-related crime. Alcohol is not permitted in prisons except in a very few cases, and illicit use of alcohol in prison is not a major problem. Nevertheless, imprisonment gives an opportunity to tackle alcohol problems in prisoners, with the potential for positive effects on their families and friends and a reduction in the risk of re-offending, the costs to society and health inequalities.

This publication describes an integrated model of care for alcohol problems in prisoners, with elements for best practice. The model starts with assessment of the seriousness of prisoners’ alcohol problems, using a validated screening tool, the WHO Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), and calls for interventions tailored to prisoners’ specific needs.

Alcohol in the European Union. Consumption, harm and policy approaches Alcohol in the European Union. Consumption, harm and policy approaches

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Date added: 06/25/2012
Date modified: 07/26/2012
Filesize: 6.69 MB
Downloads: 3219

Authors: Peter Anderson, Lars Møller and Gauden Galea (WHO Regional Office for Europe)

Alcohol is one of the world’s top three priority areas in public health. Even though only half the global population drinks alcohol, it is the world’s third leading cause of ill health and premature death, after low birth weight and unsafe sex, and greater than tobacco. In Europe, alcohol is also the third leading risk factor for disease and mortality after tobacco and high blood pressure. This report presents the latest literature overview of effective alcohol policies, and includes data from the European Union, Norway and Switzerland in the areas of alcohol consumption, harm and policy approaches. The data presented were collected from a survey in 2011.

Alcohol in Europe. A public health perspective Alcohol in Europe. A public health perspective

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Date added: 06/27/2012
Date modified: 06/27/2012
Filesize: 6.79 MB
Downloads: 5198

Authors: Peter Anderson and Ben Baumberg (Institute of Alcohol Studies)

This public health report on alcohol, requested and financed by the European Commission, describes the social, health and economic burden that alcohol brings to European citizens, families and to Europe as a whole; this is a burden that increases social marginalization and exclusion and places a strain on the viable, socially responsible and productive Europe, as envisaged by the Lisbon strategy.

Alcohol consumption, alcohol dependence and attributable burden of disease in Europe Alcohol consumption, alcohol dependence and attributable burden of disease in Europe

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Date added: 06/25/2012
Date modified: 06/25/2012
Filesize: 4.35 MB
Downloads: 3201

Authors: Jürgen Rehm, Kevin D. Shield, Maximilien X. Rehm, Gerrit Gmel and Ulrich Frick

This report provides a timely and comprehensive review of the relationship between alcohol consumption and harm in Europe. While European alcohol strategies have typically focused on reducing alcohol misuse through controls on availability, marketing and price, and drunk‐driving countermeasures, this report highlights the considerable potential to reduce alcohol‐related harm through wider implementation of individually directed interventions for people with alcohol dependence. There is now a considerable evidence base which supports the effectiveness and cost effectiveness of brief interventions, and a range of specialist treatment for people with alcohol use disorders. However, this report highlights the current gap between evidence and practice. Less than 10% of people with alcohol dependence receive treatment in Europe; and yet alcohol dependence accounts for a substantial proportion of all harm associated with alcohol.